Material handling machinery is for production service, its design and selection should be subject to the needs of the production process, but the creation of new material handling machinery also often leads to changes and improvements in the production process. For example, the emergence of a bucket wheel stacker-reclaimer formed a transport system for automated large-scale bulk yards with a bucket wheel stacker-reclaimer as the heart, a belt conveyor as a blood vessel, and an electronic computer as a nerve center, thereby changing the port, The layout of bulk yards such as mines and thermal power plants; the use of forklifts instead of bridge cranes to carry out the work of the workshop, can simplify the plant structure, reduce infrastructure costs.
In the second half of the 20th century, unitized transportation was greatly developed. The standardization of containers and the promotion of intermodal transport simplified the loading and unloading of water and land transport, and caused changes in the layout of stations and ports, and the structure of railway vehicles and ships.
Material handling machinery can transfer the semi-finished products of the previous process directly and automatically to the next process, link up and down many processes into a system to form a rhythmic production, and can also clean and dry the materials at the same time during the handling process. , painting, sorting, storage, inspection and metering, which can reduce the number of loading and unloading, shorten the production cycle and save equipment investment.